Bhaisaheb: The Second Name of Brotherhood


Allaah Ta’aala says in Qur'an Majeed that, Mumineen are brothers by Imaan and Misaaq of Imaam uz-Zamaan (as).  Because of faith and its tenets they are brothers. Because of sincerity and affection they are brothers. They associate themselves in each and every deed which leads to well being of mankind. If a man’s brother is alive then it is said that his back is strong, meaning his courage and audacity is intact. Mumineen are brothers of each other, they help each other, remain together in times of happiness and grief, stand side by side in line during prayers, sit together on the Maa’edah-Thaal to eat what Allaah Ta’aala has provided with His blessings, and pray for each other.

The first thing Rasoolullaah (saws) did when he migrated from Makkah to Madinah was to establish brotherhood between the migrants from Makkah and the residents of Madinah, so that each and every one gets attached by a cord of love.  Because of this affection and brotherhood Islam may flourish and people achieve prominence and dignity. When Maulaa Ali (as) returned to Madinah from Makkah, after honestly returning all the deposits made to Rasoolullaah (saws), he made Ali his brother. Rasoolullaah (saws) often called Ali by the special name as “Akhi” , my beloved Brother. On the Day of Judgment my brother Ali will be with me, Ali is my vicegerent, my heir, and after me he is the Maulaa of Mumineen and Muminaat.

Mumineen do remember that we are Alavis, therefore after every name we add the word “Bhai”, and because of Maulaa Ali’s wilaayat and imaan we are brothers and comrades. Where there is the concept of brotherhood, there exists the blessings of Jamaa’at-congregation (community). The congregation of Mumineen is the greatest blessing from Allaah Ta’aala. The most sanctimonious five (Panjatan-e- Paak) also have two brothers, our First and the Second Imaam Maulaana Hasan il Mujtabaa (as) and the chief of Martyrs Maulaana Husain (as).  The institution and propagation of  Imaamat is being forbidden till Qiyaamat between two brothers except these two Imaams.  After 532 AH, in the series of ad-Du’aat ul Mutlaqeen , there were six occasions when two real brothers succeeded each other and ascended on the seat of Da’wat by the decree of Nass , of these six occasions four happened in Yaman and two in India.

These Da’is were at a very high pedestal as regard to knowledge and hikmat and all the other learned people were in need of their guidance.  Their place in the Da’wat was sublime, unique and exceptional. Da’i-e-haqq or Da’i uz-Zamaan, whose brother would be attaining his status, and because of the pronouncement of Nass on him would be becoming the next Da’i or succeed him immediately, and because of his prominence and honour Da’i uz-Zamaan would call his brother  as “BHAISAHEB”. Allaah Ta’aala has used the words Saheb and Ashab in Qur’an-e-Shareef.  In Yaman, 9th Da’i ul Mutlaq Saiyedna ‘Ali’s  (ra) BHAISAHEB was the 11th Da’i ul Mutlaq Saiyedna Ibrahim (ra). 14th Da’i ul Mutlaq Saiyedna Abdul Muttalaib’s  (ra) BHAISAHEB was the 15th Da’i ul Mutlaq Saiyedna Abbas (ra). 17th Da’i ul Mutlaq Saiyedna Hasan’s (ra) BHAISAHEB was the 18th Da’i ul Mutlaq Saiyedna 'Ali (ra).  20th Da’i ul Mutlaq Saiyedna Hasan’s (ra) BHAISAHEB was the 21st Da’i ul Mutlaq Saiyedna Husain (ra).

In India, Vadodara, 32nd Da’i ul Mutlaq Saiyedna Ziyauddin’s  (ra) BHAISAHEB was the 34th Da’i ul Mutlaq Saiyedna Shehabuddin (ra). 38th Da’i ul Mutlaq Saiyedna Hamiduddin’s  (ra) BHAISAHEB was the 39th Da’i ul Mutlaq Saiyedna Mufiduddin (ra).  Because of this, the word “BHAISAHEB” became prevalent and prominent among the mumineen in general and more specially in the inner circles of the Khuddaam of Da’wat-e-Haadiyah.

There is yet another important reason related to this word. In 1110 AH, when the 32nd Da’i ul Mutlaq Saiyedna Jivabhai Ziyauddin saheb (ra) migrated from Ahmedabad to Vadodara till now there have been several instances that Saiyedna would have only one brother whom he used to respectfully address “Bhaisaheb”.  Just as today Mumineen may call a person of respect and prominence as well as title holder among the Razaakaar of Da’wat as  Mulla Saheb, Miyan Saheb or Sheikh Saheb. In such instances among the Du’aat there was Saiyedna Ziyauddin saheb whose only brother was Saiyedna Shehabuddin saheb. 33rd Da’i ul Mutlaq Saiyedna Moayyaduddin’s  (ra) only brother was BHAISAHEB Burhaanuddin. 36th Da’i ul Mutlaq Saiyedna Hamiduddin’s  (ra) only brother was BHAISAHEB Najmuddin. 38th Da’i ul Mutlaq Saiyedna Hamiduddin’s  (ra) only brother was BHAISAHEB Mufiduddin, who later became the 39th Da’i ul Mutlaq.

From 1110 AH to 1296 AH,that is from the time of Saiyedna Ziyauddin Saheb (ra) to Saiyedna Fakhruddin Saheb (ra), there have been instances in the Tayyebi Alavi history when because there being only one brother of  Da’i uz Zamaan, the Da’i used to call him as BHAISAHEB out of respect.

This special word, among the members of the Da’wat, and because of the nobility of the family, began to be most openly used during the period of  39th Da’i ul Mutlaq Saiyedna Mufiduddin Najmuddin (ra) Saheb’s two sons, one of whom was 40th Da’i ul Mutlaq Saiyedna Ameeruddin saheb (ra) and the other Mazoon ud Da’wat Saiyedi Bhaisaheb Sharafuddin (ra).  Also because 41st Da’i ul Mutlaq Saiyedna Fakhruddin saheb (ra), who was the son of  40th Da’i Saiyedna Ameeruddin saheb married his uncle Mazoon ud Da’wat Saiyedi Bhaisaheb Sharafuddin’s (ra) daughter Kibu Bu Sahebah. This way the son of one brother married the daughter of the other and the relationship between the brothers became even more strong and Sharafuddin bhai was popularly recognized as BHAISAHEB.

In our jamaa’at, the epithet of BHAISAHEB was much acclaimed because of its nobleness and dignity. It had a unique distinctiveness in the precincts of  Da’wat-e-Sharifah. The knowledge and deeds of Bhaisaheb were at a very high level. They were pious in their character and lookout. They were among the religious, pious, tolerant and grateful people. Under the guidance of Da’iullaah, they used to meet Mumineen with warmth and care.  Saiyedna Fakhruddin saheb raised all his six sons in this manner so that they all became the shining stars of the Da’wat’s Horizon and were a treasure trough of knowledge and generosity.  He was the archetype and the founding stone of the Fakhri family.  Due to his sons, this splendid family spread and multiplied. Among the children of these six brothers, some were in the forefronts in doing service into the haram-e-aamin of  Da’wat and some due to their expertise took to do different kinds of  business but adhered to the title of Bhaisaheb.

In 1419 AH, during the blessed time of al-Maulaa al-Muqaddas Saiyedna Taiyeb Ziyauddin saheb (ra), he reinstated the rank of  Ra’s ul Hudood (Head of the Da’wat Luminaries) and appointed his third son Mohammad Bhaisaheb Nuruddin, who today in the time of our Maulaa Da’i uz-Zamaan Hatim Zakiyuddin Saheb (TUS) is at the distinguished rank of Mukaasir ud Da’wat, and his fourth son Dr. Zulqarnain Bhaisaheb Hakimuddin is at the rank of Ra’s ul Hudood. 

Maulaa always insists that,

"O my brethren, You all hold the title of Respect and let yourself to live a Dignified Life, you belong to the Fakhri family, you who are associated with such a revered family, which is your identity, then it is obligatory on you to strive to sanctify yourselves and take unending benefits from the mubaarak tree of Da’wat-e-Sharifah. From your character, outlook, communication, conduct, behavior and business ethics, the good aroma, colour, freshness of the basic principles and approach of Da’wat-e-haqq should radiate. It is just not enough to carry the title of Bhaisaheb before your name, the identity and the generous family lineage of Fakhri Family to yourself.  The rank and honour depend on devotion, service and piousness.”

Maulaa had intended that the Hudood-rank holders of the Da’wat, whose ancestors belonged to Saiyedna Fakhruddin saheb, due to their services and closeness to the Da’wat, they be granted a special identity whose head and chief be the Ra’s ul Hudood.  By the grace of Allaah Ta’aala, his objective got fulfilled and among Mumineen the title of Bhaisaheb which was commonly used is now exclusively titled as Hadd saheb for the Hudood of Da’wat-e-Sharifah.

Maulaa says to the Mumineen that,

“You may be in any corner of the world, reside in any country, whatever be your family lineage, business, financial status, education or degree, in which ever art you may be famous, but do not let go from your hands the identity of Alaviyat and Husainiyat, how grave may be the situation. You may be recognized by the high educational degrees and expertise in this world but because of devotion and loyalty to your Da’i and Jamaa’at  you will be recognized by the Panjatan-e-Paak in the world hereafter. Family and tribe are just a means to recognize each other, maintain relations, and to keep social contacts. But to Allaah Ta’aala, the most revered servant of His is the one who maintains a good relation between his creator and creatures that are with and around him."

Respected Readers, it is much easier to affix a title or noble family lineage with one’s name, but if the present youth understand the truth, history, hard work, sacrifice and the associated aim behind the title, and the efforts involved keeping its identity and prominence alive then the youth may be able to get into the roots of this great work. Just as Rasoolullaah (SAWS) established brotherhood between the people of faith, the people of Makkah and Madinah, and brought them to a grand platform of Unity, like wise, the Youth of every family should strive to make himself fit for the real sense of his Surname, in the framework of services to the community and welfare of Mumineen, and in fact this is the need of the time.

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