- Imaam Husain (as) was born to Maulaatona Faatema (as) and Maulaana Ali (as) on 5th Sha’baan ul-Kareem 4 AH in al-Madeenat ul-Munawwarah. Rasoolullaah (saws) placed his tongue in the mouth of Imaam Husain (as) when he was born and he used to follow the same thing on several occasions during his lifetime. He used to kiss the throat of Imaam Husain (as) and say “al-Husainum minni wa anaa minal Husain”, which means, Husain is from me and I am from Husain. Rasoolullaah (saws) then used to weep a lot and say, ‘One who will love Husain has indeed loved me and one who has loved me has in turn loved Allaah.’ These words of Rasoolullaah (saws) indicate the supreme status and martabah of Imaam Husain (as).
- Naming ceremony and Aqeeqah of Imaam Husain (as) was done by Rasoolullaah (saws) on the 7th day after his birth. He recited Azaan and Iqaamat in the ears of Imaam Husain (as), sacrificed a Kabash (male sheep) and tonsured (shaved) the head of Imaam Husain (saws) and gave Silver in the quantity equal to the weight of his hairs in Sadaqah (charity).
- The agnomen (Kuniyat) of Imaam Husain (as) is Abu Abdillaah. The titles (Laqab) are Rasheed, Taiyeb, Wafee, Zakee, Saiyed, Mubaarak, Saiyed ush-Shohadaa, Abush-Shohadaa etc. Following the practice of Imaam Hasan (as), Imaam Husain (as) also went to Hajj 25 times on the foot.
- Sons of Imaam Husain (as) are – Ali Akbar, Imaam Ali Zayn ul-Aabedeen, Ali Asghar, Abdullaah , Mohammad and Ja’far. Daughters of Imaam Husain (as) are – Maulaatona Zainab (as), Maulaatona Sakeenah (as) and Faatema Sughraa (as).
- Imaam Husain (as) was married to Shahr-e-Baanu of Kisraa. The battle of Kisraa was fought during the time of Second Khaleefah and was won on the hands of Maulaana Ali (as). When the castle of Kisraa was conquered and the Princess Shahr-e-Baanu and other women of the Haram were brought forth outside the castle, the Khaleefah of the people intended to sell the women as the maids and servants – a practice which was followed after every victory in the battle. Maulaana Ali (as) objected and said that the Princess and women of the Kisraa belong to the ones who are wise and kind and they are the supporters of the Islaam and hence they should not be treated in such an unwise manner. He declared that all the women of the Kisraa including the Princess should be freed and given a right to marry whosoever they preferred to. Many men intended to marry Princess Shahr-e-Baanu but when she was approached as to who she preferred to marry, she said, “An Noor us-Saate’ wash Shehaab ul-Laame”, (Bright Light and Shining Star) – I wish to marry Imaam Husain (as). Maulaana Ali (as) then asked her, ‘Who is your guardian (wali)’, to which she replied – ‘No one but you O Abal Hasan.’ Maulaana Ali (as) then arranged for the marriage and appointed Huzaifa al-Yamaani to recite the Khutbah of the Nikaah for Imaam Husain (as). Maulaana Ali (as) became the Waali (guardian) of Shahr-e-Baanu in the Nikaah. Imaam Zayn ul-Aabedeen (as) is the divine fruit of the Nikaah of Imaam Husain (as) with Shahr-e-Baanu. The succession of the Imaamat which began from the progeny of Imaam Husain (as) will, by the grace of Allaah, continue till the Day of Qayaamat.
- Rasoolullaah (saws) has said that in three things of Imaam Husain (as), Allaah has granted His benediction and abundance (Barakat) – acceptance of the du’a in the Qubbah Mubaarakah (near the Qabr-e-Mubaarak) of Imaam Husain (as); healing power in the Khaak (mud) of Karbala – the place of his martyrdom; and unending succession of A’immat-e-Taahereen (as) in his progeny till the Day of Qayaamat.
- Rasoolullaah (saws) foresaid about the Martyrdom of Imaam Husain (as) when he was 3 yrs of age and he cried a lot with Imaam Husain (as) and said – O my grandson, may Allaah always keep your face smiling as He has created you from His Noor and Glory and this Noor will continue to emit its radiance in this world in the form of A’immat-e-Taahereen (as) – by whom the stream of guidance (anhaar-e-hidaayat) and knowledge will continue to flow for the people – for their salvation and Najaat.
- After the death of the Third Khaleefah of the people, they were left with no option but to consider, erroneously and unlawfully, Maulaana Ali (as) as their Fourth Khaleefah – who in fact is the Wasi of Rasoolullaah (saws) as it was decreed to them. After the demise of Maulaana Ali (as) they did not see anyone who deserved to be as their Khaleefah. They had an unyielding option of considering Mo’aaviyah as the Khaleefah but his unlawful and evil character prevented them from doing so. Hence the period of Khilaafat for the people ended after Maulaana Ali (as). But on the other hand, Mo’aaviyah was unable to endure this fact and he himself proclaimed to be the religious leader (ameer) of the people and went to the extent to taking the Misaaq and Bay’at of the people forcefully. During the time of Maulaana Ali (as) the three Khaleefah of the people were against him while when Imaam Hasan (as) became the successor of Maulaana Ali (as) as the first Imaam, Mo’aaviyah became his arch rival.
- When Mo’aaviyah neared his death, the skin of his face wrinkled to form the word ‘Kaafir’ which was easily readable. Rasoolullaah (saws) called Abu Sufiyaan, Mo’aaviyah (son of Abu Sufiyaan) and his descendants as the Piece of Hell and cursed him during his lifetime.
- Yazeed bin Mo’aaviyah succeeded the throne as the next ruler after Mo’aaviyah. Imaam Husain (as) went to his palace and was disappointed to see him drinking wine and doing unlawful things. Imaam Husain (as) said him angrily that, ‘O Yazeed if you proclaim to be the ruler of the Muslemeen while I am alive, I will give you nothing but the sword.’ Yazeed used to say from his throne, “Talaa’aba bil bariyyate Haashemiyun, Bilaa wahyin ataaho walaa Kitaabi”, which means, ‘Haashimi (Rasoolullaah (saws)) has played with the people; neither there was a Wahi (divine revelation) nor any Book (Qur’an).’ Na’oozo billaah
- Yazeed proclaimed himself to be the ruler in the year 60 AH. When this news came to the governor of Madeenah – Sa’eed, he called upon Imaam Husain (as) to his Daar ul-Imaarat (administrative place). Imaam Husain (as), anticipating a scuffle and unrest, approached them with his companions (Ashaab). Marwaan bin Hakam was sitting beside Sa’eed when Imaam Husain (as) came. Marwaan told Sa’eed to read the orders of Yazeed. Imaam Husain (as) stood up and refused to give Bay’at and Misaaq to Yazeed and cursed him as Rasoolullaah (saws) did. Marwaan angrily said to Sa’eed, ‘We should not allow Imaam Husain (as) to leave from here without killing him.’ When Imaam Husain (as) heard the words of Marwaan, he said furiously, ‘O Marwaan, you won’t be able to harm me at this time, I have something else destined by Allaah.’ Marwaan was the son of Hakam and they both were cursed by Rasoolullaah (saws). Hakam was driven out of the town during the time of Rasoolullaah (saws). Rasoolullaah (saws) called Marwaan as “Wazagh bin wazagh”, which means ‘Lizard of the Lizard.’ When Marwaan neared his death, his body wrinkled and shrunk into the shape of Lizard and many lizard shaped creatures came out running from his rotting body.
- For the sake of protecting the Islaam and the Shari’at of Allaah, Imaam Husain (as) left Madeenah on 1st Rajab 60 AH – the day on which the Ark of Maulaana Nooh (as) went sailing. Before departing from Madeenah, Imaam Husain (as) did the Ziyaarat of Rasoolullaah (saws), Maulaatona Faatema (as) and Imaam Hasan (as). Imaam Husain went to Makkah and stayed there for four months till 8th Zulhajjatil Haraam. When he learnt that the army of Yazeed was heading towards Makkah he transformed his Ehraam of Hajj into Umrah and decided to leave the city of Makkah. Imaam Husain (as) never intended any battle to be fought or any blood shedding be done in the Haram of Ka’batullaah. During his stay in Makkah, he received many letters and messages from the people of Koofah extending their support and help. To test their devotion and words, Imaam Husain (as) sent Muslim bin Aqeel (ra) to Koofah. But the people of Koofah turned their faces away from the path of truth of Imaam Husain (as) and Muslim bin Aqeel (ra) with his two sons Mohammad and Ibraaheem were martyred in the Koofah. When this news came to Imaam Husain (as) he turned down his plans to go to Koofah.
- The Caravan (Qaafalah) of Imaam Husain (as) along with his Ahl ul-Bayt (as) started from Makkah to the place where the martyrdom of Imaam Husain (as) was destined. When the Qaafalah reached the land of Karbala, the horses and camels stood still and did not proceed any further. Looking at this, Imaam Husain (as) realized that this is the “Karbun wa Balaaun” – the land of Karbala. The tents of Ahl ul-Bayt (as) were erected at the banks of river Euphrates (Furaat). Water was restricted by the army of Yazeed on 7th Moharram ul-Haraam 61 AH. The tents of Imaam Husain (as) were relocated away from the Furaat.
- On the night of Aashura, Imaam Husain (as) called all his companions and recited the Fazaa’il (praise) of Rasoolullaah (saws) and his progeny. He requested him that whosoever wishes to leave from this place should do so without any hesitation. Listening to the words of Imaam Husain (as), all of them stood up and said, ‘O Imaam, Aali Maqaam (as) we have come for you and we have no destiny but to sacrifice ourselves upon you.’
- Imaam Husain (as) and his companions along with his brothers and sons, spent the whole night in Ibaadat and in preparation for the battle. They sharpened their swords and Imaam Husain (as) continued to recite the Du’a and made them aware about their martabah after the martyrdom.
- Seeing all these preparation, Maulaatona Zainab (as) became restless and started weeping. When Imaam Husain (as) saw Maulaatana Zainab (as) in this state, he said some words of patience to her – ‘O my Ahl ul-Bayt (as) you have seen that the World has changed; there is deficiency of Lawfulness (Ma’roof) and Deeds according to Truth have vanished; and the Untruth is prevailing unabatedly – in such situation, a Mumin longs to meet His Rabb (Lord, Allaah), death is fortunate today and to live with the tyrants is a misfortune.’
- On the day of Aashura, Imaam Husain (as) recited a Khutbah (lecture) facing towards the army of Yazeed. None but Hurr bin Yazeed (ra), after listening to the Khutbah of Imaam Husain (as) came to him and said, ‘O Maulaa I was unaware about your martabah and Noor of Imaamat.’ Hurr bin Yazeed then said, ‘O Maulaa, will you accept my repentance and forgive me?’ Imaam Husain (as) replied, ‘Why not, you are the one who have answered the invitation of Elaahi Da’wat, O Hurr, you are Hurr in the world and in the Aakherat (hereafter)’. Hurr bin Yazeed (ra) was the first Martyr in the Karbala.
- Ashaab of Imaam Husain (as), one after another embraced the martyrdom after fighting fierce battle with the soldiers of Yazeed. When no one from the Ashaab was left, the sons and the brothers of Imaam Husain (as), with his Rezaa and Razaa, embraced the martyrdom. Maulaana Abbaas (as), brother of Imaam Husain (as), went with the Mashkeezah (vessel) of Maulaatona Sakeenah (as) in the battlefield to fetch water for her. Fighting fierce battle with the enemy, he succeeded to reach the banks of Furaat. He took the water in the Mashkeezah but did not drink even a drop of water himself. While on his way returning to the Khaymagaah (tents) with the Mashkeezah, the soldiers attacked him from behind the bush. Both the arms of Maulaana Abbaas (as) were severed by the enemy and he was martyred on the way. When no one was left in the Khaymagaah, Imaam Husain (as) took 6 months old Maulaana Ali Asghar (as) along with him in the battlefield. Hurmala aimed a three pronged arrow at the delicate throat of Maulaana Ali Asghar (as) and he too embraced martyrdom.
- Imaam Husain (as) married Maulaana Qaasim (Abdullaah), son of Imaam Hasan (as) with his daughter Faatema Kubraa in the Karbala – as it was decreed by Imaam Hasan (as).
- On the day of Aashura 10th Moharram 61 AH, at the time of Asr, Imaam Husain (as) took the farewell from his Ahl ul-Bayt (as) and went to fight the last battle with the enemy and was martyred while he was offering the Namaaz of Asr by Shimr zil-Jaushan.