The existence of the religion of Islam is there from the time immemorial in between the dwellers of spiritual world-'aalam ul arwaah, even before the creation-takhleeq of humans and jinns and even before the creations of the skies and the earth. Islam means complete submission, devotion and unbelongingness of all forms - spiritual and physical - to Allaah Ta'aala. It includes obedience of every rule, in all circumstances whether in ease or in difficulty.
It was Prophet Aadam (as) who first revealed the basic Islamic divine commandments to the people in order to make them pious and humble beings in ture sense. These tenets, principles and societal traditions was so perfect, just and impressive that no amendments, alterations or modifications are required to be done in them till now. 6000 years had passed from the era of Prophet Aadam (as) to the nubuwat of Prophet Muhammad (saws) but these 14 principles of Islamic civilization and culture are such that every Saheb of the true mission of Islam - da'wat ul-haqq has followed it. The people must be made aware of the fact that by following these principles we could make our personal, marital, social, psychological, financial, spiritual, intellectual, national-international relations strong and virtuous. It can also avoid social evils such as adultery, cheating, betrayal and shamelessness.
These principles were also noted in the holy Revelations which was sent to Prophet Musaa (as). If any one of us desires for the prosperity of our soul then we should completely obey these rules religiously and effectively. They are not ordinary rules but Allaah Ta'aala has revealed them to Rasoolullaah (saws) on the night of Me'raaj. On the night of Me'raaj each and every thing was unique, memorable and amazing. These rules belong to that same era that means it has travelled to us through 14 centuries uninterrupted and unaltered. So it proves that Allaah Ta'aala has bestowed His mightiness and power in them. Each one of them has got a strong relevance in every sphere of human society. So, the one who follows these principles will have a blissful worldly life and also a brilliant life hereafter. These commandments begin with and also end with the oneness, unity and omnipotent of Allaah Ta'aala.
The 14 Islamic commandments for a civilized society are as follows:
- The origin of Tawheed – Allaah Ta'aala is the sole creator of the universe. There is no God except Him and He has no partner. He is one and only one. Those who believe in the plurality of the Creator are polyethists.
- Believing in the oneness of Allaah Ta'aala and praying Him should be done along with being kind, humble, polite, respectful and obliged towards one’s parents. In the childhood the parents take care of the child, in the same way it is the responsibility of the children to take care of their parents during their old age. Praying Allaah and serving one’s parents-khidmat are closely associated with one another. The acts of worship-'ibaadat performed during a lifetime are of no use without the deed of serving one’s parents.
- As per Shariat's laws one should give proper justice to the rights of one’s relatives, friends, colleagues, neighbours, poor people and travellers. That is a sign of true devotion. If one claims to be a true devotee-mumin but in reality has defrauded many others and if they are not happy with him then all his goodness is nothing but artifice, treachery and deceit.
- While buying any commodity always keep its cost in mind. Spend money only when necessary because over-buying or wastefulness is a devilish attribute. A lot of unwanted things get collected by prodigality. In today's competitive era of online shopping the craze of expensive and branded commodities burns the spark of envy. It is advisable to act wisely and moderately during such times.
- The wealth bestowed by Allaah Ta’aala should be spent on righteous task and not on forbidden (haraam) things. Spending money in a noble-charitable way is not wastefulness but being spendthrift is strictly forbidden.
- Allaah Ta'aala has taken care of the provisions of each of its creation. For instance, an infant is blessed with the nourishment of his/her mother’s milk. No one is the owner of his life and none can increase or decrease its span. The entire livelihood (life on land or stay in skies) is in the hands of Allaah Ta’aala. If one gives job to someone he/she is only a mediator of providing provisions or sustenance.
- Killing of a foetus, ending of a progeny or delaying the birth of a child are all vicious acts. Getting an abortion done is a highly major and grave sin. This sinful act is done either for the fear of poverty or of the desire of a male child. In the present generation, adulterine relations and extra marital affairs and also unlawful live-in relationship are a cause of this evil sin.
- Adultery-zinaa and fornification are very shameless acts. In Islam it is unlawful to have intercourse between individuals who are not married to one another. Immodesty, exposure of body parts, indecency etc. can be called as signs of adultery (zinaa). The Zinaa of the eyes is the initial stage, followed by the Zinaa by tongue or by sexual act.
- It is prohibited to kill oneself or someone else unlawfully. The message of Islam is Peace. Those who kill innocent people and spread violence everywhere can never be considered as Muslims. In the name of Islam and in the form of Jihaad those who have made Islam a child-play, they are using it for their own benefits. Due to such people and their violent acts, the Muslims worldwide have to be ashamed.
- It is the responsibility of the guardian of an orphan child to protect the wealth that is inherited by the child till the time the child grows into an adult. He is also responsible to spend that money rightfully, wisely and later give an appropriate account of it and not to betray the trust.
- All relations - whether business or personal are based on trust. If that trust is broken then relations are spoiled. This trust is known as Misaaq-covenant in terms of our religious beliefs. This Misaaq is the soul of the Deen (religion) and every soul shall be answerable regarding that in the Hereafter. It is to be offered wilfully to the highest religious authority to protect rights of everyone in every respect.
- There should be justice in every form of business. The goods in the market should be of proper quality, weight and have reasonable price or affordable rates. Never to betray the trust of the customer. By being honest with the customer the sale is satisfactorily and successfully done and relations of trust are well maintained.
- Allaah Ta'aala has created the human body with great wisdom. A human being's heart, ears, eyes and tongue plays a crucial role in his deeds and practices. If he uses them wisely and righteously then he can reach up to great heights with brilliant success. One should always avoid rumours and unnecessary talks. One should not get any form of hatred for his religion or religious leader.
- Pride, arrogance and selfishness are the foremost enemies of mankind. It is like the fire of Shaytaan-devil. It burns the soul of Misaaq of an individual. A person inflicted by these vices turn into a piercing thorn of hatred instead of turning into a colourful merciful flower. The land curses the arrogant people. The love of Maulaana Ali (as) is a powerful source of removing arrogance. One who leaves his arrogance behind, comes close to the mercy of Allaah Ta'aala.