Practices and Aamaal of Asharah Mubaarakah

Taaj ud-Du'aat Saiyedna wa Maulaana Abu Haatim Taiyeb Ziyauddin saheb (tus)   Mehfil-e-Azaa-e-Husain in which Mukaasir saheb is taking the sharaf of Chamar   Mazoon ud-Da'wat il-Alaviyah Saiyedi Haatim Zakiyuddin saheb (dm) addressing mumineen in Masjid-e-Nooraani
Majlis-e-Taiyebi with Zaakireen doing madeh-khwaani   Wa'az Mubaarak   Mumineen seated in the Masjid for Maatam-e-Husaini

Gham-e-Husain Dil se mujrai zaa'il nahi hota,
Ye woh Gham hai kabhi rone se Dil ghaafil nahi hota.

  • Moharram ul-Haraam is the first and one of the four months of Hijri Calendar which are considered Sacred and Holy. Muslims in the past never used to confront or wage a war in these months. The Tasbeeh of this month is “Innamaa ashkoo bassee wa huznee elallaahe wa a’lamo minallaahe maa laa ta’lamoon” which means ‘I only complain of my sorrow and grief to Allaah, and I know from Allaah that which you know not’ (86/12). Right from the first night of Moharram ul-Haraam, mumineen should recite this Tasbeeh as many a times they can. Allaah is All Knowing. He knows everything about us. It is only He to Who we complain about our sorrows and grief. Just as our life begins with a cry, the Hijri Calendar begins with Moharram ul-Haraam in which Imaam Husain (as) was Martyred in Karbala. Mumineen remembers the Masaa’ib (hardships) of Imaam Husain (as) and gives a tribute of tears and maatam.
  • On the first night of Moharram ul-Haraam, mumineen should go to the Masjid to offer the Namaaz. Offering the Namaaz of Tasbeeh ul-A’azam in the masjid at the end has special significance on this night. On the eve of the New Hijri Year mumineen should include different eatables in their dinner like sugar, salt, milk, fruits (fresh and dry), fish, meat, honey, dates etc (one from each – mineral, plant and animal kingdom). Mumineen should prepare the traditional dish of the New Year, popularly called as “Lachko”. All the members of the family must have their dinner together. The eldest of the family should begin first by tasting the salt. The decorated plate (thaal) of the New Year Eve is called as “Maa’edato Aal-e-Mohammad” (Eating table of the Progeny of Mohammad (saws)). It is however not obligatory for all to include all the items stated above. Availability and capability is the first priority. Similarly it is not at all true that ‘not putting these items in the thaal brings bad luck’.
  • The first day of the Moharram ul-Haraam is the day of greeting and exchanging compliments among the family members. Mumineen come to Devdi Mubaarak in the morning for the Qadam Bosi of Huzoor-e-Aali (tus) and gives Mubaarakbaadi. Following the tradition, the daughter-in-law go to their mother’s place on this day. The beginning of the New Year brings eternal peace and harmony which is obtained by doing Aah-o-Bukaa on Imaam Husain (as).
  • The Majlis of Asharah Mubaarakah begins from the second day of Moharram ul-Haraam. Grandson of Rasoolullaah (saws), Peace of the Mind of Maulaana Ali (as), Eyesight of Maulaatona Faatemah Zahraa (as) - Imaam Husain (as) along with his Ahl ul-Bayt (as) and Loyal Companions went through tear-jerking and heartrending hardships and torture in the Karbala during these days in 61 AH. With the Razaa of Imaam Husain (as), his companions embraced martyrdom. Imaam Husain (as), for the sake of protecting Islaam, gave his blood. In his last Sajdah, he prayed for the Shafaa’at and Najaat of the mumineen. Observing fast on the 2nd Moharram ul-Haraam has distinguished importance. It was by the Waseelah of Imaam Husain (as) that Allaah Ta’aala answered to the prayers of Maulaana Zakariyaa (as) and granted him a son, Maulaana Yahyaa (as), in the old age. Allaah Ta’aala answers the wishes of the one who observes the fast with devotion and Waseelah of Imaam Husain (as).
  • Majlis and Wa’az of Imaam Husain (as) begins from 2nd Moharram ul-Haraam till the day of Aashuraa. It is called as “Majlis ul-Wa’aze wan Naseehat”. Majlis of Imaam Husain (as) is like a Jannat on this Earth where the Malaa’ekat (Angels) of Allaah descends upon the mumineen who listen about the Zikr (account) of Imaam Husain (as) and wet their eyes. Rasoolullaah (saws) says for a mumin who sheds tears on Imaam Husain (as) that – “Whoever will weep, make others weep or express the grief and sadness on his face will indeed make his destiny in the Jannat." Apart from that, Wa’az of Moharram ul-Haraam also includes the Bayaan of Ambiyaa (as), Awsiyaa (as), A’imaat (as) and Du’aat ul-Akrameen (aq). It is a perfect blend of Naseehat (advice) and Hikmat (wisdom). It is a complete guide for a mumin in the beginning of the New Year about how to lead a meaningful life by abiding to the obligations of the Shari’at. We need healthy food to lead a healthy life. The Wa’az of Moharram ul-Haraam is the best of all the foods in every way – not for the body but for the soul. Mumineen should never miss this delicious spiritual recipe which is needed for the purification of the soul. Mumineen should keep their businesses closed in the morning in these days.
  • Saiyedna Fakhruddin Saheb (aq) has composed innumerable Abyaat and Marsiyah in Arabic, Persian, Urdu and Lisaan ud-Da’wat in the Zikr of Imaam Husain (as). One of his famous compositions is “Ibn-e-Zahraa ni majlis maa aawo, Fikr duniyaa ni dil si bhulaawo”. The Wa’az begins with the recitation of the famous Arabic Bayt – “Khayrul anaame Mohammadun wa Wasiyohu”. Mumineen recites it along with the Hudood-e-Kiraam.
  • Moharram ul-Haraam, indeed, is a month of purification which is attained by the Zikr of Imaam Husain (as). It may be in any way – either by attending the Wa’az, listening to the Marsiyah-Noha in the house or shop or factory, keeping a Sabeel in the name of Imaam Husain (as), giving money in the Niyaaz, making sharbat or milk for the mumineen, doing the majlis in the house etc. There are numerous things which our mumineen do in these days of Imaam Husain (as). There is Majlis for muminaat in the Masjid un-Nooraani from 2nd to 9th of Moharram ul-Haraam in which the Saiyedaat of Da’wat recites Marsiyah and Noha. A distinguished Anjuman (group) of Muminaat arranges for the Niyaaz at the end of the Majlis.
  • There are several Anjumans of young boys who takes the responsibility of arranging the Niyaaz for the mumineen after the Maghrib. For the sake of convenience, they have divided the residential areas of the mumineen into various sections. Hence one has to go to a particular venue of his section for having the dinner of Niyaaz. Mumineen should give financial support to the respective Anjuman benevolently. Every penny spent in the name of Imaam Husain (as) is a Good Deed (Hasanat) for which reward is gained in form of the Jannati ne’mat.
  • A traditional Rasam is followed by selected mumineen for decades from 6th to 9th Moharram ul-Haraam. They come to the Devdi Mubaarak and take the Razaa of Huzoor-e-Aali (tus) for arranging the Majlis-e-Imaam Husain (as) in their house. They invite Huzoor-e-Aali (tus) along with the Hudood-e-Kiraam. After the Wa’az, Huzoor-e-Aali (tus) blesses them going to their houses. The Zaakereen of the Da’wat recites the Abyaat and Marsiyah. Specially prepared Halwa is presented to Huzoor-e-Aali (tus). All the mumineen visit there and have the Niyaaz.
  • Mumineen from everywhere converge in Badri Mohalla in these days – to see the time-honoured Sabeel near the masjid decorated in the silver plates. The whole mohalla is dotted with the numerous Sabeel which serves rose water, milk or sharbat to the mumineen.
  • The Zikr of Imaam Husain (as) is at its peak on the eve of Aashuraa. It is the time when all the companions of Imaam Husain (as) gathered at one place and listened to the final Khutbah. They were deprived of water from 7th Moharram ul-Haraam. Yazeed (la) had announced the war on 9th Moharram ul-Haraam but Imaam Husain (as) requested to wait for a single night and wage a war on 10th – the day of Aashuraa. Ahl ul-Bayt (as) and Ashaab-e-Husain (as) spent the whole night in offering Namaaz. Saiyedaat and the women wept for the whole night because they knew that they will be deserted by their men on the following day. Children cried for the water and food. Such was their devotion and loyalty that they kept waiting for the Razaa of Imaam Husain (as) to go to the battle field and sacrifice their life fighting for the Truth in the way of Allaah. Mumineen should spend the night in offering the namaaz of Nisfillayl and Tahajjud. They should take the waseelah of Imaam Husain (as) and pray to Allaah.
  • The Day of Aashuraa is “Eid ul-Huzne wal Bukaa” when Imaam Husain (as) sent his companions to the battle field one after another to fight against the evil and embrace martyrdom, until the time of Asr when no one was left but him. It is the day in which, wherever there are Shi’a and followers of Ahl ul-Bayt (as), the cry of “Yaa Husain” is heard everywhere. It is the day of Qiyaamat for the mumineen because their Imaam, the grandson of Rasoolullaah (saws), Maulaa Husain (as) was martyred by the evil people after intense torture and suffering.
  • Mumineen should Fast on the Day of Aashuraa. Du’aat ul-Akrameen (aq) has given it a special name – Laaghan. It is same as Fast but the intention (Niyat) is to remain hungry and thirsty for Imaam Husain (as) and remembering his Masaa’ib. It is a tribute to him that, ‘Since Imaam Husain (as) exercised patience in spite of torture; I would also keep myself away from all the comforts of life.’ Laaghan should be ended in the same way as the Fasts of Ramazaan – after the Maghrib and mumineen should recite the du’a of “Allaahumma yaa mo’tiyas Sowalaat...” after ending it. It is a tradition that mumineen prepares special dishes like leaves of fenugreek (methi), halwaa or khichdo (prepared from wheat).
  • After the Wa’az of Aashuraa, all the mumineen turns their face towards the Qiblah in the Masjid and Huzoor-e-Aali (tus) recites the du’a of the Aashuraa. With the Waseelah of Ambiyaa (as), Awsiyaa (as), A’immat (as) and Du’aat (aq), Huzoor-e-Aali (tus) offers du’a for the mumineen. The Waseelah of Aashuraa has immense significance. All the mumineen offers the Salawaat on Imaam Husain (as) and his companions and execrates Yazeed (la) and his followers. Mumineen offers two rak’at namaaz of Tawassul-e-Imaam Husain (as) – seeking from Allaah with the intermediation of Imaam Husain (as). Lastly, at the end of Namaaz there is a Majlis of Aashuraa in the Masjid.
  • We all try to make our living comfortable in this World by working hard and earning livelihood. We often are so engrossed about the worries of the World that we forget about the truth of Life after Death. If it is obligatory for us to earn in this World then it is equally incumbent on us to get ourselves ready for the Life after Death. Investing ourselves – mentally, physically or socially in the name of Imaam Husain (as) is the earning which won’t benefit us in with Worldly comforts and fame but it will indeed give us peace and greatest Reward after Death. Majlis of Imaam Husain (as) is the most auspicious thing which a mumin would never afford to miss. Because it not only deals with the account of Imaam Husain (as) but it portrays a complete picture of what a mumin should do in this World – to be successful here as well as there (Here after).
  • Mumineen should bring with them their children to make them inculcate the significance of Asharah Mubaarakah and the haqeeqat of Shahaadat.  Children should also do maatam, those who are bed-ridden should remember their Imaam and weep, those who are journey should also take time and get the faiz of maatam, those students who are going to schools or colleges should reorganize their schedule in order to attend Wa’az.  In short, every Husaini mumin should feel honoured and be grateful to his Imaam-e-Haqq for bestowing Rehmat and Karam on him in these days that Allaah Ta’aala has granted him tawfeeq to come and join the saff of azaadaaraan-e-Husain in the most graceful days of the year.
Copyright © 2010  All rights reserved.