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This Article is divided into several parts and it is published in the same way in recent Mishkaat ul Haadi issues in Lisaan ud Da'wat Gujarati.

It covers the below mentioned Questions:

1. Why India-Hindustaan is the centre of Da'wat e Haqq?
2. What is the Haqeeqat of the word "Hindustaan"?
3. What was the concept of God for ancient Indian communities?
4. When did Islam started in India and who did it?
5. Why western Indian coast became favourite for our religious activities?
6. Why the centre of Da'wat e Haqq could not be shifted from Hindustaan?
7. Why it is improper to say that Muslim emperors or dynasties brought Islam to India?
8. What is our Origin? Are Bohras from Brahmins?
9. Who are real Hindustaanis? Could it be decided by Religious inclination or National ethos?
10. Why we love our motherland Hindustaan?

   
   
 

Part 1:

   
 

Allaah Ta’aala says in the Qur’an – “Innad-Deena ‘indallaahil Islaamo wama-khtalafal lazeena ootul Kitaaba illa min ba’de ma jaa’ahumul ‘ilmo baghyam baynahum wa man-yakfur be-aayatillaahe fa-inallaaha saree’ul Hisaab” (3:19). This particular verse emphasizes about the basic concept of a religion near Allaah Ta’aala. Islam itself means Submission to Allaah Ta’aala. Submission in every sense – physically, financially, mentally and spiritually; and it is Islam that teaches Submission to Allaah in its totality. Let us not be mistaken in taking pride about the name of Islam in the above verse. We need to grasp the essence of the Word Islam – which is Submission to the Supreme authority; and it is the beginning and culmination of Islam.

Islam inculcates Honesty, Conviction, Justice, Forbearance, Gratitude and Trust among its followers. And these attributes are the branches of a single foundation of Submission. It is wrong or a sheer mistake to say that Rasoolullaah SAWS founded Islam. Islam was there in the pure lofty horizons of Angels.  Islam was founded in this material world by Maulaana Aadam SA and it continued evolving on the hands of many Prophets who followed him. It attained perfection on the hands of Rasoolullaah SAWS and it won’t undergo any change till the Day of Qeyaamah-The Day of Judgement. Salvation and redemption of Mankind was only possible after acceptance of the message of Allaah sent to it through Prophets of respective times.

Maulaana Aadam SA was born on the island of present day Sri Lanka – better known as Sarandeep in the ancient times. He spent his early life on this auspicious land. He continued to receive spiritual blessings of the Deen of Allaah and His Oneness-Tawheed. The birthplace of Maulaana Aadam SA – Hindustaan was attributed to the name of Hunayd AS, who appointed Maulaana Aadam SA to the rank of Nabi by the Spiritual Decree of Allaah. The birthplace of Maulaana Aadam SA was a vast land divided into three main parts at that time – large mainland as Hunaydistaan (Hind), then two small parts namely Sindh and Yaman – which were interconnected divinely, commercially, culturally, geographically and politically, linguistically in the respective times.

Under the administration of Da’wat e Haadiyah, these three regions are known as separate Jazeerah (islets or islands). The mission of Maulaana Aadam SA – Islam – Deen of Allaah began from this great land of wisdom and piety. Propagating his message, Maulaana Aadam SA along with his selected companions travelled through the mainland Hunaydistaan; and eventually reached Arabia – present day Makkah. 7000 yrs back the message of Islam began from this land by Maulaana Aadam SA and spread throughout the world starting from the peripheral regions of Hunaydistaan. Hunaydistaan became the birthplace of Maulaana Aadam SA and Islam. His mission was to invite people towards Submission to Allaah and Oneness of Allaah. There was no place of idolatory or polytheism.

   
   
  Part 2:
   
 

Even the people of that ancient land did not indulge in idolatry. They were on the path of belief in One God; and One Supreme Soul. There was no one among them who would guide them towards the true religion of Allaah. Even in such challenging time they remained steadfast in the primitive religious beliefs – which were indeed foundation stones for Maulaana Aadam SA to promulgate the Message of Allaah in the future.

Hunaydistaan is the pious mother land of true Islam – Submission to Allaah. This was a heavenly blessing to the Land from the Allaah and it is only because of this that Hunaydistaan prospered and flourished and stood strong against all odds of testing times and challenges. The missionaries (Arabic – Du’aat pl of Da’i) were sent to this land. They reinforced the Deen of Allah and spread it across the length and breadth of Hunaydistaan. From the time immemorial it is a bitter fact that there is an Enemy to every Guide; Evil against Good; Darkness against Light; Ignorance against Knowledge.

The spirituality, victory, virtuosity, goodness turned to be an eyesore for the hypocrites and disbelievers. They started hatching conspiracies against the Prophet of Allaah and his believers. They tortured and persecuted them in every possible way. The ones who were steadfast in their beliefs did not buckle up or surrender to them. On the contrary, this negative energy became a source of strength. As it is destined from the time immemorial, very few remained on the path of Truth and Belief.

The negativity against the Religion of Allaah and its followers had two faces. One was overt and public – known to all. Other was hidden and covert – adopted by those who pretended to be believers but reality was different. This faction was far more dangerous than the former. They claimed to be believers in public but enmity and disbelief brewed in their hearts. They accepted what they liked and rejected what they disliked in the Religion. The things that earned them fame; were easy to accept and follow; gave them a distinct identity; were changed by them according to their whims and fancies. These were laws of Halaal and Haraam; Customs and Practices; Social Norms; Business matters; facts of this World and the Hereafter etc. They introduced innovations in these things and spread misconceptions among the believers. No one has right to change the tenets of Deen of Allaah except Waliyullaah – Nabi, Wasi, Imaam or Da’i. Even they do it by the Command of Allaah.

   
 
  Part 3:
   
 

Looking back at the pre-historic era, the tradition of idol or human worshipping has strong links with the religious aspects of Egyptian, Turkish or Arab people. Before Mohammad ul Mustafaa SAWS became Nabi-Prophet on the Arab land and started imparting guidance and preaching people against worshipping anything else but Allaah Ta'aala, those ignorant people used to worship different living or non-living things of varied shapes and sizes and considered them as their Lord. Ka'batullaah, the centre of Islamic World, was also not spared from these man-made Arab dieties. Different offerings were given and miracles were assigned with ritual celebrations to idols and were glorified by them just like a slave bows down to his master. 

During the era of Maulaana Aadam Safiyullaah and Maulaana Nooh Najiyullaah the vast Indian land did not have the evil custom of Makhlooq-parasti or the act of worshipping things created by Allaah Ta'aala. Intelligent and wise people were residing on this land who were knowing the demarcating line between the Creator and the Creation. Many folks of different ethical and cultural background came to this holy land of prosperous Hindustaan for the purpose of trading and business through famous and safe sea routes.

They earned riches and success due to the flourishing ports of large Indian Subcontinental coastline. Therefore Arab traders in huge numbers came to India for establishing their business. As a result of their frequent visits to strengthen trade links with Indian merchants and the popularity of Indian merchandise and commodities around the world, they brought along with them their religious customs, culture, festivals, language, clothing , traditional dishes etc. Gradually their localities and societies were established where temples were constructed and eventually by gaining local support and maintaining good social relations they brought about changes in the traditional Indian culture and likewise they adopted Indian social practices. In this way an innovative mutual social system was mooted for future generations.

When Rasoolullaah SAWS started propagating the divine message at Madinah after doing Hijrat from Makkah, people from different places visited him and took his guidance.  They were adorned with his wisdom and knowledge. Once a group of Indians visited Rasoolullaah SAWS. A rich man named Ratan was a part of this group. Nabi saheb enquired about the people of India and made Ratan his Da’i.  He taught him about basics of Deen e Islam and instructed him to wisely propagate Islamic message in India.

In 10 AH/632 AD during the last Hajj, Rasoolullaah SAWS has prayed for the believers-mumineen of India, near Rukn e Yamaani of Ka'batullaah. He stated , "O my friends! You are my ashaab-associates, but the people of India who consider me as the rasool-prophet of Allaah are my brothers. You have seen me, followed me, so your faith in Islam is strong . Whereas my Indian brothers have accepted and honoured my religion, followed me without even seeing me. So, their faith is stronger than yours." Before the Nubuwat-prophethood of Nabi saheb, all people were not ignorant.  There existed people of wisdom who were believing in the Oneness of the Supreme being, the Almighty and were waiting for His Messiah, His Representative and His Guide.  With this divine message their wait ended and they readily accepted it as the Last Words of Allaah Ta'aala. 

In a similar manner, when Maulaana Ali Ameer ul Mumineen AS ascended on the throne of Khilaafat in Kufah, in 38 AH/658 AD, he had sent troops of soldiers towards the land of India. Maulaana Ali AS miraculously appeared in Uparkot village located in Junagadh district and defeated the tyrant ruler of that era.  This incident is recorded vividly in the books of Da'wat e Shareefah. During the battle of Karbalaa too, when Imaam Husain AS was surrounded by the raging troops of Yazid in 61 AH/680 AD, an Indian group of soldiers approached him and requested Imaam to accept their help.  Imaam accepted their devotion and told to accompany Ahl ul Bayt AS when the time turns hostile.

During the period of 3rd Faatemi Imaam – Maulaana Imaam Ali Zayn ul Aabedin AS (d. 94 AH/713 AD),  a person named Kankar came along with his companions to meet the Imaam and take his valuable guidance. He was a true Shi'ah, and so Imaam enquired about the akhbaar-news of Indian believers. This means, in the period-daur e Imaamat of every Imaams, his Du’aat-missionaries have travelled far and wide across India -Yemen- Sindh with the message of the true religion of Islam. And in turn they have travelled back to Cairo to meet the Faatemi Imaam of their time and appraise him about the news of believers. These Du'aat have played a crucial role in enlightening the hearts of Mumineen by cultivating trust on the Imaam wherever they went. They have laid a strong foundation of the streams of  knowledge of Ahl ul Bayt AS in this glorious land of India. 

   
 

References:

   
 

1. Tareekh e Farishta by Mohammad Qasim Farishtah
2. The Shi'a of India by J N Hollister
3. The Muslim Communities of Gujarat by S C Misra
4. The Isma'ilis by F Daftary
5. The Bohras by Asgharali Engineer
6. Uyoon ul Akhbaar by Saiyedna Idrees Imaaduddin saheb
7. Kawkab e Falak by Saiyedi Khawj bin Malak
8. Tarikh e Salatin e Gujarat by M H Abbasi
9. Bibliography of Isma'ili Literature by I K Poonawala
10. Fatemi Akaabir by Y S Mubarakpuri
11. Tohfat ul Quloob by Saiyedna Haatim Mohiyuddin saheb
12. Tarikh e Fatemiyeen e Misr and Hamaara Isma'ili Mazhab ki Haqeeqat aur uska Nizaam by Zahid Ali
13. Fatemi Imaamo by Asghar Dhimji
14. Muntaze' ul Akhbaar by Sulaimanji Burhanpuri
15. Haqq na Du'aat ni Tareekh by Progressive Publication
16. Mausam e Bahaar by Alibhai Sharafali

   
   
   
 
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