Imaam Mohammad ul-Baaqir (as) was born to the 3rd Faatemi Imaam Maulaana Ali Zayn ul-Aabedeen (as) in Madeenah. He was 35 yrs of age when Imaam Ali Zayn ul-Aabedeen (as) died and after that he lived for about 19 years. Name of his mother is Maulaatona Faatemah binte Imaam Hasan (as). Imaam Mohammad ul-Baaqir (as) is also named as “Najeeb ut-Tarafayn” (noble bred from two sides) – in the sense that he is the son of Imaam Hasan (as)’s daughter (grandson) and son of Imaam Husain (as)’s son (grandson). The succession of Imaamat continued in the daughter of Imaam Hasan (as) and not in his sons just like Rasoolullaah (saws) where the Imaamat began in the progeny of his daughter and not in his sons. Imaam Hasan (as) bears more resemblance to Rasoolullaah (saws) and Imaam Husain (as) to Maulaana Ali (as).

Imaam Mohammad ul-Baaqir (as) used to say among his Ashaab, ‘May Allaah descend His Rehmat (kindness) on the


one who portrays us as the Loved ones of Allaah among the people; and may  Allaah bring disgrace to the one who inculcates our enmity in the hearts of the people.’ Imaam Baaqir (as) was informed about a man who had employed unlawful (haraam) means of earning his livelihood and left all the obligations of the Shari’at and even left offering Namaaz. Imaam Baaqir (as) was astonished about the deeds of the man and said to the people that, ‘Leaving Namaaz is the greatest Sin.’  He elucidated the importance of good deeds and said, ‘O my Shi’a, listen to my advices and follow them religiously; seek help from Allaah; speak the truth; keep yourself away from faithlessness and disloyalty; preserve the relations of your friends; we won’t be advantageous or saviour to you but with your lawful deeds, devotion to Allaah and Namaaz.’ He further added that, ‘Our Shi’a would never stay with our enemies and they are pure from disobedience of the Shari’at; they don’t like the company of an ignorant; they are kind to their kin; they don’t bark like dogs nor are greedy like crow.’

Imaam Baaqir (as) saw swollen and bleeding feet of Ziyaad bin Aswad who came to meet him. When Ziyaad was asked about the cause of the miserable condition of his feet, he replied with tearful eyes, ‘O Imaam Baaqir (as), I have come to meet you from a remote village by walking half of distance as my animal got sick in the middle of the way.  Walking on the rough and uneven land led to this condition of my feet.’  He said, ‘O Imaam Baaqir (as), I have committed many sins in my past so I have come to seek forgiveness from Allaah with your Waseelah and Du’a because I know that your Love wipes off all the sins.’ When Imaam Baaqir (as) listened to the words of Ziyaad, he said, “Subhaanallaah, Halid-deeno illaal hubbo?”  Praise be for Allaah, is there a religion without Love?. He then addressed to the people and said, ‘Jannat seeks the company of the Lovers of Aal-e-Mohammad (as) and indeed I am Aal-e-Mohammad among you.  If you offer Namaaz between Hajr-e-Aswad and Maqaam-e-Ibraheem to an extent that your body turns into pieces and if you don’t have the Love and Faith in Aal-e-Mohammad (as), even then, Allaah will not accept your Namaaz and it won’t be of any use to you.  At the time of death of our Shi’a when their soul is about to depart from their body; they will be happy and Malak ul-Maut – ‘Izraail will come to him and say, ‘You have reached your purpose and you are saved from the Fear of the Day of Qayaamat.  Then he will be shown his place in Jannat and Panjatan-e-Paak (as) will become his companions in the Paradise.’

Imaam Mohammad Baaqir (as) has said that, I went to meet Jaabir bin Abdillaah al-Ansaari (ra) (one of the loyal ashaab of Rasoolullaah (saws)) at his house and greeted him with Salaam. He answered to my Salaam and asked my name. I said, My name is Mohammad bin Ali Zayn ul-Aabedeen bin Husain (as). The moment he heard my name, he called me near him and said, ‘May I sacrifice my life on you.’ He started kissing my hands and feet. When I stepped backward he said, ‘Rasoolullaah (saws) has sent Salaam on you.  He has instructed me to do so.’ I asked him how it happened. He said he was very close to Rasoolullaah (saws) in his time. Once he was in the company of Rasoolullaah (saws) who said him, ‘O Jaabir, you will meet Mohammad bin Ali bin Husain after my death and he will be the one whom Allaah will grant His Wisdom and Noor.’ ‘O Jaabir, convey my Salaam to him when you happen to meet him and tell him my words “Yaa Baaqero Ibqaril ‘Ilma”, O Baaqir, unleash the Knowledge which means make the Knowledge of the Past and Present known to the people. O Jaabir, Allaah Ta’aala will not make you die before that.’ Soon after Jaabir bin Abdillaah conveyed the Salaam of Rasoolullaah (saws) to Imaam Mohammad ul-Baaqir (as), he died. The Salaam and the message of Rasoolullaah (saws) was a Ruhaani Ta’eed (Spiritual Guidance) to Imaam Baaqir (as).

Jaabir al-Jo’fee (ra) (ashaab of Imaam Baaqir (as)) once saw Rasoolullaah (saws) in his dream who gave him 20 dates. He woke up in the morning and went to Imaam Baaqir (as) where he saw similar unseasonal dates beside him. Jaabir didn’t disclose the details about his dream. Imaam Baaqir (as) said, ‘O Jaabir, come near me, this is the fact of your dream which you saw last night.’ Imaam Baaqir (as) gave him handful of dates. Jaabir al-Jo’fee (ra) counted them. He was surprised to find 20 dates in his hands. He requested Imaam Baaqir (as) to give him some more dates. Imaam Baaqir (as) replied, ‘O Jaabir, had my great grandfather Rasoolullaah (saws) given you more dates in your dream, I would have given you more at this time.’

Imaam Baaqir (as) was most knowledgeable and learned man of his time. It was the period when Banu Umayyah (descendants of Umayyah bin Abd Shams bin Abd Manaaf) got weakened and their dynasty was about to terminate and tremble due to the internal rebellion and disloyalty in Damascus. Imaam Baaqir (as) promulgated the Faatemi knowledge in an astonishing way along with his son Imaam Ja’far us-Saadiq (as). Wise and learned men from all the provinces used to come to the Imam for acquiring knowledge. A man from a caravan, Mohammad has said that, during the time of intense heat in summer, I saw Imaam Baaqir (as) along with his two servants supporting him in an open field in Madeenah. I said to Imaam (as) in an advising tone, ‘O Shaikh, you have come to seek your livelihood in this harsh climate; what if you die in this condition?’ Hearing this he removed the support of his servants and leaned on a wall and told me, ‘Let me die in this condition, I know that I am in the obedience of Allaah so by seeking Halaal means of livelihood I am keeping away my soul from you and the people.’ Listening to this answer I uttered, ‘Peace of Allaah be upon you, I tried to advice you but indeed you advised me about a good deed.’

Brother of Imaam Baaqir (as) whose name was Zayd proclaimed to be the Imaam and initiated a rebellion against Imaam Baaqir (as). He pronounced that the one who come forward and fights the battle with the sword is the real Imaam and not the one who silently sits in the home. Imaam Baaqir (as) requested Zayd to leave his false path but he did not bothered about his fate. Imaam Baaqir (as) foretold him that, he would be killed mercilessly. Looking at the unending conflict of the Zayd, Imaam Baaqir (as) ordered mumineen to disregard his false claim of being an Imaam. Zayd went to Kufa and started diverting the common people to him. A group of people surrendered to the claim of Zayd and came to be known as Zaydiyah community. He fought a battle with Yusuf as-Saqafee who was the Governor of Kufa but was defeated badly. He died of a serious injury of arrow in his head which was removed by a barber and his body was buried secretly. The barber disclosed the details of the burial place of Zayd’s body to the Umayyad Governor who unearthed the body of Zayd and beheaded (separated the head from the body) it. He ordered that the head of Zayd to be hung on the tree and his body to be burned. Imaam Baaqir’s (as) aforetold fate about Zayd proved correct and he met with graceless end.

Abu Haashim, the son of Mohammad bin Abu Hanafiyah (ra) was the enemy of Imaam Baaqir (as). He started abusing Imaam Baaqir (as) and Imaam Ali Zayn ul-Aabedeen (as) in the Masjid. Imaam Baaqir (as) turned his face to him and said without any botheration, ‘You are Ibn-e-Hanafiyah and I am Ibn-e-Faatemah (as).’ Listening to the words of Imaam Baaqir (as), people in the Masjid started beating him and threw him out of the Masjid. Abu Haashim used to claim that his father Mohammad bin Abu Hanafiyah was the Imaam and he has appointed me as the Imaam. His followers got divided into five sub-sects after his death and each of them have different faith in the understanding of the Imaamat. One among them believe in the transmigration of the soul (Tanaasukh) while the other believe that Mohammad bin Abu Hanafiyah is alive in the mountain of Rizwaa who will unveil himself in the world and do justice.

In the similar way Mugheerah who was the Da’i (missionary) of Imaam Baaqir (as) who falsely claimed himself to be a Nabi (Prophet). He misguided the people and said that, he was able to make the dead alive. He also rubbished that, Imaam Baaqir (as) is God and he has sent me as the Prophet among the people. Some people started believing his wrong faith and they made unlawful (Haraam) things lawful (Halaal) and vice versa and left the path of Allaah. The only thing which Imaam Baaqir (as) could do against him was to instruct the mumineen to remain away from his evil faith. When Mugheerah died there were huge differences even among his followers.

During the time of Imaam Baaqir (as) the Umayyad Governor was Waleed who aimed an arrow on the Qur’an and said to it, ‘Are you warning me about Jabbaar Aneed (Tyrant and dictator)?’ Look, I am Jabbaar Aneed. His successor was his brother Sulaymaan who, along with his army, was indulged in adultery. He used to abuse Maulaana Ali (as) openly. He was then followed by Umr bin Abd ul-Azeez who stopped abusing Maulaana Ali (as) and handed over the land of Fidak to the sons of Maulaatona Faatemah (as) – Imaam Baaqir (as). He used to behave respectfully with Imaam Baaqir (as). He had a partial vision among the blind successors of Banu Umayyah which stopped him in misbehaving with Faatemi Imaam. He was killed in the prison. Yazeed bin Abd ul-Malik succeeded him. He was indulged in dancing, playing music and adultery. He was then succeeded by his brother Hishaam who was an open enemy of Imaam Baaqir (as).

Once upon a time when Imaam Baaqir (as) was in Masjid ul-Haraam near Ka’batullaah, Hishaam asked a question through a man that, ‘On the Day of Qayaamat when the people will gather for the Hisaab (account of their deeds) what will they eat or drink?’ Imaam Baaqir (as) conveyed the answer to him that, Allaah says that on the Day of Qayaamat the land will be changed and the people will be brought to a land which will become like a Bread for them and they will eat it.’ When Hishaam got this answer from Imaam Baaqir (as) then he asked that, ‘People will be in a fearful condition on the Day of Qayaamat so how will they even be able to think of eating the bread?’ Imaam Baaqir (as) replied that, On the Day of Qayaamat, the fright of the Hell (Jahannam) will be more than anything and Allaah Ta’aala says in the Qur’an that the people of Hell will shout on the people of Jannat that, ‘Give us the food and water which Allaah has given to you.’ The people of Hell will eat Zaqqoom (Wicked tree with exceedingly bitter fruit) and drink boiled water and pus. If the people of Hell will eat and drink such things then how will the people not drink and eat on the Day of Qayaamat! Hishaam got ashamed and shut off his tongue on listening to the answer of Imaam Baaqir (as).

Imaam Baaqir (as) died during the time of Hishaam in Madeenah in 114 AH. He was buried besides the Qabr of Imaam Ali Zayn ul-Aabedeen (as) in Jannat ul-Baqee.’ His agnomen (Kuniyat) is Abu Ja’far and titles (alqaab – pl. of laqab) are Baaqir, Shaakir, Haadi and Ameen. Sons of Imaam Baaqir (as) are Imaam Ja’far us-Saadiq (as), Ali, Abdullaah and Ibraheem. Name of his daughter is Umm-e-Salamah. The Imaamat continued in the progeny of Imaam Ja’far us-Saadiq (as). The words engraved on the ring of Imaam Baaqir (as) were “Al-‘izzato lillaah” (Honour is for Allaah) and “Al-Qenaa’ato ghaniyun” (Satisfaction is a precious wealth).

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