History
 
 
 
   
 
Tareekh of Maulaana Imaam Hasan (AS)
al-Mujtabaa al-Masmoom
   
   

Birth – 15th Ramazaan 3 AH, Tuesday (624 AD), Madeenah
Death – 29th Safar 49 AH (669 AD), Madeenah
Period of Imaamat – 9 years 6 months 13 days
Qabr Mubaarak – Jannat ul-Baqee’, Madeenah

Imaam Hasan (as) is our first Imaam who is the son of Maulaana Ali (as) and Maulaatona Faatemah Zahraa (as). He is the grandson of Rasoolullaah (saws). When he was born, Rasoolullaah (saws) entered into the house and said, “Let me see my grandson.” After that he recited Azaan and Iqaamat in the left and right ears of Imaam Hasan (as). He named him as “Hasan” on 7th day after his birth and did the Aqeeqah and gave off the silver in Sadaqah (charity) – equal to the weight of hairs of Imaam Hasan (as)’s head.

   
 

Imaam Hasan (as) looked like Rasoolullaah (saws) and Imaam Husain (as) like Maulaana Ali (as). Rasoolullaah (saws) made Imaam Hasan (as) to ride over his shoulders and say to the people that, “My grandson is the ‘Saiyed.’  He is the “Leader of the Youth of Jannat.” He also used to say that, The status of their father is supreme than them – which proves that Maulaana Ali (as) is not the Imaam but the Wasi of Rasoolullaah (saws).  The Alqaab (pl. of Laqab – titles) of Imaam Hasan (as) are – Zaki, Taiyeb, Sabt and Mujtabaa.

Rasoolullaah (saws) has said that, Maulaana Ali (as) is “as-Siddeeq ul-Akbar” (greatest truthful); Imaam Hasan (as) is “al-Faarooq ul-Aazam” (supreme divider); and Imaam Husain (as) is “Zun-Noorayn” (possessor of two Noor).

Imaam Hasan (as) had 12 sons – Abu Mohammad Abdillaah, Hasan, Zayd, Umar, Abdur Rehmaan, Ahmad, Ismaa’il, Hasan al-Asghar, Aqeel, Shabbeer, Qaasim and Abu Bakr. He had only one daughter whose name was Faatemah – who got married to Imaam Ali Zayn ul-Aabedeen (as). This relation is same as it happened during the time of Rasoolullaah (saws). Maulaatona Faatemah Zahraa (as) who is the daughter of Rasoolullaah (saws) got married to Maulaana Ali (as); in the same way, Faatemah who is the daughter of Imaam Hasan (as) got married to Imaam Ali Zayn ul-Aabedeen (as) who is the son of Imaam Husain (as).

Imaam Hasan (as) went to Hajj for 25 times bare-footed though he had a she-camel with him. He gave off half of his wealth twice in Sadaqah. Seeing this unusual way of doing Sadaqah, a man approached him and said, ‘O Imaam, there is no good in squandering (spending huge amount of money).’ Imaam Hasan (as) who is known for his oratory and elocutionary expertise replied instantly to him, ‘O man, there is no squandering in good things!’

Maulaana Ali (as) did the Waseeyat (will) in the presence of all the Ashaab (companions) and Ahl ul-Bayt (as) during his last moments that – after me (my death) Hasan (who is my elder son) will be the first Imaam of the people. After the death of Maulaana Ali (as) – as per his Waseeyat, 40,000 Muslims gave the Misaaq to Imaam Hasan (as) and accepted him as their first Imaam. During the ceremony of Misaaq, Imaam Hasan (as) addressed to the Muslims and said, ‘O people, I am the son of Basheer (one who gives compliment of Jannat); I am the son of Nazeer (one who warns of the torment of Jahannam); I am the son of Seraaj um-Muneer (glowing lamp); I am the son of Daa’i yullaah (one who invites towards Allaah); and I am the son of him, from whom Allaah has taken away all the bad things (evil) and made him pure and clean and whose Mohabbat and Obedience is made compulsory for you by Allaah. Imaam Hasan took the Misaaq of Muslims on 21st of Ramazaan, Friday. The belief of Twelvers that Maulaana Ali (as) is the first Imaam is wrong because he is the Wasi of Rasoolullaah (saws) and not Imaam.

When Mo’aaviyah came to know that Imaam Hasan (as) took the Misaaq of Muslims in Madeenah, he tried to change the minds of the people by giving money to them. He tried all his best efforts to create a rebellion (Baghaavat) in the Muslims of Madeenah against the Imaamat of Imaam Hasan (as) – and he succeeded too. Imaam Hasan (as) started building his army but majority of the soldiers turned rebels – they became disloyal to the Misaaq of Imaam Hasan (as). Some of the soldiers even attacked Imaam Hasan (as) and tried to harm him in the battle ground. He was shifted to a safe place – Madaa’in. Imaam Hasan (as) stayed in the house of Sa’eed as-Saqafi who was the governor of Madaa’in. Looking at the grim situation and fearing the killings of innocent Muslims, Imaam Hasan (as) offered truce (cease fire or initiating the dialogue instead of fighting a battle) to Mo’aaviyah with certain terms and conditions. This compromise was done on 25th Jumaadil Awwal 41 AH. Under this dialogue, Imaam Hasan (as) gave the Zaahiri Khilaafat (outward administration) to the Mo’aaviyah while the Baatini Imaamat (hidden Imaamat) was guarded by him in the Madeenah. Mo’aaviyah, as per the terms, could not proclaim as the Imaam of the people because this supreme and divine martabah would always remain in the House of Rasoolullaah (saws) – Ahl ul-Bayt (as).

Rasoolullaah (saws) had foretold that, My grandson Hasan will save the lives of Muslims by initiating the dialogue between two communities. Hence, this move of offering the truce was according to the wish of Rasoolullaah (saws) and not the decision of Imaam Hasan (as) himself. Many of the Ashaab (companions) objected the move (ceasefire) offered by Imaam Hasan (as) but he calmed them down saying that he had obeyed the orders of his grandfather – Rasoolullaah (saws).

The status of Imaamat of Imaam Hasan (as) – in Madeenah, was always disturbing  Mo’aaviyah – in Damascus (Syria). He hired a lady whose name was Jaa’dah and gave her lots of money and promised her to get her married to Yazeed. Jaa’dah accepted all the favours of Mo’aaviyah who then started sending poison to Imaam Hasan (as) through her. Mo’aaviyah continued to send the poison for almost 40 days because of which, Imaam Hasan (as) fell sick. Lastly, as the final assault, he sent the poison of diamond which killed Imaam Hasan (as). In the last moments, he called upon all the family members and Ashaab (companions) and said, ‘After me my younger brother, Husain, is your second Imaam.’ Accept him and Love him as you did to me. He instructed Imaam Husain (as) to bury him beside Rasoolullaah (saws) and said that if the people object it then bury me in Jannat ul-Baqee.’ Imaam Husain (as) offered the Namaaz of Janaazah in the house. When Imaam Husain (as) took the Janaazah of Imaam Hasan (as) near the Qabr of Rasoolullaah (saws), Marwaan and his men approached and started arguing. Even Ayesha came forward and stopped Imaam Husain (as) from burying Imaam Hasan (as) near Rasoolullaah (saws). Finally, Imaam Husain took the Janaazah in Jannat ul-Baqee’ and buried Imaam Hasan (as) near the Qabr of Maulaatona Faatemah Zahraa (as).

Mo’aaviyah was delighted on the martyrdom (shahaadat) of Imaam Hasan (as) and said “Allaaho Akbar” thrice. In the reply, Abdullaah bin Abbaas (companion of Imaam Hasan (as)) recited the Salawaat on Imaam Hasan (as) thrice and said, ‘Qabr of Imaam Hasan (as) won’t bring anything good for your qabr’ (which means – your evil deed of giving poison to Imaam Hasan (as) and killing him won’t win you any reward after your death but indeed you will taste the Fire of Jahannam).

Three sons of Imaam Hasan (as) embraced Martyrdom (got Shahaadat) with Imaam Husain (as) in Karbala. They were Maulaana Qaasim (as), Abdullaah (as) (whose marriage were arranged with the daughters of Imaam Husain (as) in Karbala) and Abu Bakr (as).

 
 
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