History
 
 
 
   
 
   
  Ahmedabad
   
 

During the 11th century AD, when 18th Fatimid Imam Ma’ad al-Mustansir was in power in Cairo, the region of Khambhat, Patan and Siddhpur saw extensive activities of Isma’ili Da’wat and then after the concealment of the 21st Fatimid Imam at-Taiyeb in 532 AH/1138 AD, the holy preachers and propagandists worked under the absolute guidance of their religious chief-da’i al-mutlaq who were serving as a representatives of their concealed Imam. These preachers served as the head of the Da'wat in Indian subcontinent, locally known as the wali or maulaai, were regularly selected by the da'i al-mutlaq residing in Yemen. It was during the da’iship of 17th Da’i Hasan Badruddin (809–821 AH/ 1406–1418 AD), the city of Ahmedabad was founded and Ahmadshah invited Adam Shujaa’uddin bin Sulaimaan, Shaikha Mujaal and Khwaaja Kalaan to convince the Bohra traders and rich merchants to start their trade from Ahmedabad and make it their home-town. Till the time of 19th Da'i Idrees Imaaduddin (832-872 AH/1428-1468 AD), due to the efforts of Adam Shujaa’uddin sizable Bohras migrated from Patan to Ahmedabad.

So this was the period of the first Bohra settlement in Ahmedabad as it proved to be a safe haven for the peace-loving community scattered in the other towns surrounding Ahmedabad. At that time sizable Bohra population could be found at Patan, Khambhat, Siddhpur, Nadiad, Kapadwanj, Bharuch, Vadodara, Umreth, Mehsana, Dholka etc. Bohras prospered in Ahmedabad but it was overshadowed with some brutal and gruesome attacks now and then by the Muslim Sultanate. The Bohras of Gujarat and their da'is were not persecuted by the local Hindu rulers, who did not feel endangered by their activities. The community thus developed without any hindrance until the Muslim conquest of Gujarat in 697 AH/1298 AD, when the Da'wat's activities came under the scrutiny of the region's Muslim governors, who recognized the suzerainty of the Sultans of Delhi, who belonged to the Khalji and Tughluqid dynasties. It was chiefly because of Ja’far Patani Naherwali and his people who left Isma’ili-Taiyebi faith and accepted Sunnism and they constantly instigated local Muslim rulers against the Bohras. During the time between 850-950 AH/1447-1544 AD many preachers-Maulaai were martyred or jailed. Ahmedabad became to be called "Nani Karbalaa" (small karbalaa) because of the large number of martyrs buried there and also "Baagh-e-Aal-e-Mohammad" (paradise of Ahl e Bayt). 28th da'i al-mutlaq Shaykh Adam Safiyuddin (d. 1030 AH/1621 AD) held the key leadership and played pivotal role in managing the internal community matters and external political affairs in Ahmedabad during the time of various da'is, he studied with 24th da'i in Yemen and was authorized to propagate the mission-da'wat in the Deccan.

During the rule of Mughal Emperor Akbar & Jahangir, Bohra community witnessed 2 major splits in Ahmedabad. The Bohras got divided into three major groups viz. Alavis, Dawoodis and Sulaimanis in the span of nearly 40 years- 997-1030 AH/1589-1621 AD. This way Ahmedabad today enjoys the only converging place of all the three Bohra groups after the splits as their du’aat-missionaries are buried in the same graveyard located at Saraspur (Bibipur). Due to the constant persecution by the Muslim rulers, Bohras left Ahmedabad permanently and shifted their seat of Da’wat. Alavi Bohras migrated to Vadodara in 1110 AH/1699 AD during the da'iship of 32nd da'i acting on the will of his predecessor and they were the last among Bohras to leave Ahmedabad. Dawoodi Bohras migrated to Jamnagar in 1065 AH/1657 AD and Sulaimani Bohras had their centre in Yemen after the split. Among Bohras in Ahmedabad, today Alavi Bohras remain as a minority with small number of families stay there.

   
 
No. Name of the Da'i (Saiyedna - سیدنا) Death - تأریخ الإنتقال Period of Da'wat - مدۃ الدعوۃ Licentiate - مأذون Associate - مکاسر Works - تألیفات
25. Jalaal Fakhruddin bin Hasan 16 Rabi' II 975 AH – 19/10/1567 AD 4 mts Dawoodji Burhaanuddin bin 'Ajabshah Dawoodji Burhaanuddin bin Qutubshah
26. Dawoodji Burhaanuddin bin 'Ajabshah 27 Rabi' II 999 AH – 21/2/1591 AD 24 yrs 11 days Dawoodji Burhaanuddin bin Qutubshah Shaikh AdamSafiyuddin bin Taiyebshah
27. Dawoodji Burhaanuddin bin Qutubshah 15 Jumaadi II 1021 AH – 12/8/1612 AD 22 yrs 1 mt 18 days al-Qaazi Ameenshah Shujaa'uddin, Shaikh Adam Safiyuddin bin Taiyebshah Ameenjibin Jalaal
28. Shaikh Adam Safiyuddin bin Taiyebshah 7 Rajab 1030 AH – 27/5/1621 AD 9 yrs 21 days Ali Mohammad bin Firoz, 'Ali bin Ibraahim Ameenji bin Jalaal
29. 'Ali bin Ibraahim bin Shaikh Adam Safiyuddin, the great martyr 23 Zul Qa’adah 1046 AH – 17/4/1637 AD 16 yrs 4 mts 16 days Taiyeb Zakiyuddin bin Shaikh Adam Safiyuddin Ameenji bin Jalaal, Hasan Badruddin bin Wali Kitaab un-Naseehah fi Anwaar ish-Shari'ah - کتاب النصیحۃ فی انوار الشریعۃ
30. Taiyeb Zakiyuddin bin Shaikh Adam Safiyuddin 13 Shawwaal 1047 AH – 26/2/1638 AD 10 mts 20 days Hasan Badruddin bin Wali Jivabhai Ziyauddin bin Nuhji
31 Hasan Badruddin bin Wali 19 Rabi' II 1090 AH – 29/5/1679 AD 42 yrs 6 mts 6 days Jivabhai Ziyauddin bin Nuhji Hebatullaah Mo'ayyaduddin bin Jivabhai Ziyauddin Diwaan-e-Hasan - دیوان حسن
   
 
   
  Vadodara
   
 

The city of Vadodara deserves a special attention along with the Taiyebi missionary activities in Ahmedabad as many devoted personalities worked hard to retain the community faith when the turmoil of dissidents created by Ja’far Naherwali was at its peak. During the time of 21st Da’i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna saheb (tus) Hasan Badruddin bin Idrees (d. 933 AH/1537 AD) when Mahmood Shah II was the sultan of Gujarat, Mulla Isma’il of Vadodara migrated to Ahmedabad and he was martyred along with his accomplices on the banks of Sabarmati river.

Vadodara is the birth place of 28th, 29th and 30th Alavi Da'is who migrated and did Da’wat in Ahmedabad from 1021-1047 AH/1612-1638 AD. It was the place called Fakhri Mohalla near Gendi gate in the Walled city area where all 3 of them lived. Till date this mohalla is populated by Alavi Bohras. During the time of 26th Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Dawoodji Burhanuddin bin ‘Ajabshah (d. 997 AH/1589 AD) when Muzaffar Shah III ruled Gujarat, Saiyedi Musanji bin Taaj saheb (d. 986 AH/1578 AD) of Vadodara was martyred in the Mandvi gate when he invited Saiyedna saheb to inaugurate the mosque which he had built after returning from Hajj, avoiding Salaahuddin the then governor of Muzaffar Shah III. The mosque named Fakhri masjid is the oldest Bohra mosque in Vadodara where Alavi Bohras today offer daily prayers.

After unbearable oppression meted upon Alavi Bohras during the time of 31st Da’i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Hasan Badruddin bin Wali in Ahmedabad, he ordered 32nd Da’i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Jivabhai Ziyauddin bin Noohji to migrate along with the community to Vadodara. He spearheaded the cause of migration and in 1110 AH/1699 AD he established a new locality for the community where he built Ziyaai Masjid and Badri Mohalla. Badri Mohalla proved a cradle of progress and prosperity for the entire community. An Alavi Bohra who resides anywhere in the world and he visits Vadodara has to come to Badri Mohalla as the residence of Saiyedna saheb is located right in the middle of it.

Since 328 years (1110-1438 AH/1699-2017 AD), Vadodara has remained the centre and the seat of modern Alavi Bohras (ad-Da’wat ul-Haadiyat ul-‘Alaviyah) where 12 of its missionaries (du’aat) are buried here with a short interlude when 35th Da'i did Da’wat in Surat for 20 years between 1158-1178 AH/1745-1764 AD. Except 35th Da'i, all of them are from the progeny of Noohji bin Mohammadji, the father of 32nd Da'i. The present 45th Da'i Saiyedna Haatim Zakiyuddin saheb is the descendant from the same Aal-e-Noohji. Badri Mohalla, Fakhri Mohalla, Ajwa Road, Taiwada, Fatehgunj, Mughalwada, Pratapnagar, Panigate are the main areas of Vadodara where Alavi Bohras stay. They have 4 mosques and 3 community halls in Vadodara.

During the time of 41st Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Jivabhai Fakhruddin (d. 1347 AH/1929 AD),  Gaekwadi ruler Maharaja Sayajirao III (d. 1358 AH/1939 AD) ruled Vadodara and he single-handedly spearheaded its progress and prosperity.  Saiyedna maintained cordial and healthy relationship with the ruler as during the festivals Saiyedna often sent delegation in the Gaekwadi royal court to represent Alavi Bohras.  This was because most of the shops of Alavi Bohras were located in the narrow streets surrounding the Mandvi area involved in the business of turban making.  At that time Alavi Bohras had a monopoly of making red turban laced with golden string and Gaekwadi courtiers used to frequent these shops.   Today, many Alavi Bohras are having their shops in this area inherited from their forefathers is the testimony of the social relations with Gaekwads.

   
  Surat
   
 

When Saiyedna Jivabhai Ziyauddin saheb, the 32nd Da'i al-Mutlaq migrated from Ahmedabad to Vadodara in 1110 AH/1699 AD, Saiyedi Shaikhali from Surat along with his son Noorbhai visited Saiyedna saheb when he was busy constructing the mosque at the corner of Badri Mohalla named Masjid-e-Ziyaai.  During that time Noorbhai was very young and with pure intellect he witnessed the spiritual supremacy of Saiyedna saheb.  Saiyedna saheb ordered Saiyedi Shaikhali to leave Noorbhai in Vadodara for religious education and training and granted him all the permissions to carry out community responsibilities of Surat.   Saiyedi Shaikhali was a successful merchant but at the same time an ardent follower of Saiyedna saheb.  Along with many Alavi Bohra families, he stayed in Noorpura Mohalla near Jhapa bazaar. In the same area there was a mosque, graveyard and musaafir-khaana that were managed by Saiyedi Shaikhali.  After his death, Alavi Bohras of Surat relied upon Noorbhai for all Da’wat affairs as he was among the most trusted Hudood of Saiyedna saheb, the 33rd Da'i Hebatullaah Mo'ayyaduddin.

Saiyedna Hebatullaah Mo'ayyaduddin, conferred him the status of Mukaasir by bestowing him the epithet of “Nuruddin-نورالدین (the light of religion)”.  He often visited Vadodara along with the people of Surat and used to give oath of loyalty to Saiyedna saheb.  Surat city became the centre of Alavi Bohras, though for a short period of time i.e. 19 years was only because of the pure heartedness and trustworthiness of Noorbhai Nuruddin, the 35th Da'i of Alavi Bohras.  This was the time when Surat witnessed the transition period from Mughal rule to British dominion and the place where Saiyedna Noorbhai Nuruddin lived in the railway station area near Tapi river is considered the oldest area of the city and it is from here that the development of the city started in the early 20th century AD. After his death in 1178 AH/1764 AD, his son Shaikh Adam stayed in Surat and looked after the community like his father and grandfather.  During this time there were around 50 Alavi Bohra families staying in Surat. The centre again got transferred to Vadodara and majority of Alavi Bohras migrated there along with their identity and surname as “Surtis”. Today the tomb of Saiyedna Noorbhai Nuruddin is the most revered place where mosque, community hall and musaafir-khaana are situated.  For divine blessings every Alavi Bohra visit this place once in a year. Every year on the occasion of ‘Urs Mubaarak (death anniversary) of Saiyedna Noorbhai Nuruddin in Moharram a grand function is held in Surat where Alavi Bohras participate with great fervor and faith.

   
 
No. Name of the Da'i (Saiyedna - سیدنا) Death - تأریخ الإنتقال Place of the Tomb - قبر مبارک Period of Da'wat - مدۃ الدعوۃ Licentiate - مأذون Associate - مکاسر Works - تألیفات
32. Jivabhai Ziyauddin bin Nuhji 10 Zul Qa’adah 1130 AH – 4/10/1718 AD Bustaan-e-Badri, Wadi 40 yrs 6 mts 20 days Hebatullaah Mo'ayyaduddin bin Jivabhai Ziyauddin Jalaal Shehaabuddin bin Nuhji
33. Hebatullaah Mo'ayyaduddin bin Jivabhai Ziyauddin 17 Rajab 1151 AH – 30/10/ 1738 AD Bustaan-e-Badri, Wadi 20 yrs 8 mts 7 days Jalaal Shehaabuddin bin Nuhji Noorbhai Nuruddin bin Shaikhali
34. Jalaal Shehaabuddin bin Nuhji 14 Safar 1158 AH - 17/3/1745 AD Jannat ul-Mumineen, Pratapnagar 6 yrs 6 mts 27 days Shamsuddin Hameeduddin bin Hebatullaah Mo'ayyaduddin Noorbhai Nuruddin bin Shaikhali
35. Noorbhai Nuruddin bin Shaikhali 9 Moharram 1178 AH – 7/7/ 1764 AD SURAT 19 yrs 10 mts 24 days Shamsuddin Hameeduddin bin Hebatullaah Mo'ayyaduddin Shaikh Adam bin Nuruddin as-Saheefat un-Nooraaniyah - الصحیفۃ النورانیۃ
36. Shamsuddin Hameeduddin bin Mo'ayyaduddin Hebatullaah 26 Sha'baan 1189 AH – 20/10/1775 AD Bustaan-e-Badri, Wadi 11 yrs 7 mts 17 days Shaikh Adam bin Nuruddin Shaikhali Shamsuddin bin Shamsuddin Hameeduddin
37. Shaikhali Shamsuddin bin Shamsuddin Hameeduddin 25 Rajab 1248 AH – 17/12/1832 AD Bustaan-e-Badri, Wadi 58 yrs 10 mts 28 days Shamsuddin Hameeduddin bin Shaikhali Shamsuddin Najmuddin Mufeeduddin bin Shaikhali Shamsuddin Kitaab ul-Miraas - کتاب المیراث
38. Shamsuddin Hameeduddin bin Shaikhali Shamsuddin 30 Ramazaan 1252 AH – 7/1/1837 AD Bustaan-e-Badri, Wadi 4 yrs 2 mts 5 days Najmuddin Mufeeduddin bin Shaikhali Shamsuddin 'Abd ur-Raheem bin Shaikhali Shamsuddin
39. Najmuddin Mufeeduddin bin Shaikhali Shamsuddin 6 Rajab 1282 AH – 24/11/1865 AD Jannat ul-Mumineen, Pratapnagar 29 yrs 9 mts 6 days Ameeruddin Ameenuddin bin Najmuddin Mufeeduddin Sharafuddin bin Najmuddin Mufeeduddin as-Saheefat un-Najmiyah - الصحیفۃ النجمیۃ
40. Ameeruddin Ameenuddin bin Najmuddin Mufeeduddin 18 Zul Hijjah 1296 AH - 2/12/1879 AD Jannat ul-Mumineen, Pratapnagar 14 yrs 5 mts 12 days Sharafuddin bin Najmuddin Mufeeduddin Jivabhai Fakhruddin bin Ameeruddin Ameenuddin
41. Jivabhai Fakhruddin bin Ameeruddin Ameenuddin 20 Shawwaal 1347 AH – 30/3/1929 AD Bustaan-e-Badri, Wadi 50 yrs 10 mts 2 days Sharafuddin bin Najmuddin Mufeeduddin Fidaali Badruddin bin Jivabhai Fakhruddin Ta'weel-o-Salaat-e-Laylat il-Qadr - تأویل صلوۃ لیلۃ القدر
42. Fidaali Badruddin bin Jivabhai Fakhruddin 8 Sha'baan 1377 AH – 26/2/1958 AD Bustaan-e-Badri, Wadi 29 yrs 9 mts 18 days Yusuf Nuruddin bin Fidaali Badruddin Nazarali bin Fidaali Badruddin
43. Yusuf Nuruddin bin Fidaali Badruddin 17 Rajab 1394 AH - 5/8/1974 AD Mazaar-e-Yusufi, Behind Nooraani Masjid, Wadi 16 yrs 11 mts 9 days Taiyeb Ziyauddin bin Yusuf Nuruddin Nazarali bin Fidaali Badruddin
44. Taiyeb Ziyauddin bin Yusuf Nuruddin 5 Sha'baan 1436 AH - 23/5/2015 AD Mazaar-e-Yusufi, Behind Nooraani Masjid, Wadi 42 yrs 18 days Haatim Zakiyuddin bin Taiyeb Ziyauddin Nazarali bin Fidaali Badruddin, Husain Mo'eenuddin bin Taiyeb Ziyauddin, Mohammad Nuruddin bin Taiyeb Ziyauddin
   
  Courtesy: This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Alavi Bohras"
   
 
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