History
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  History:
 
 
Became Da’i – 532 AH   Died – 10th Moharram ul-Haraam 546 AH
Period of Da’wat – 13 yrs, 4 months, 18 days   Qabr-e-Mubaarak – Haus Mubaarak

Saiyedna Zo’aib bin S. Moosa (aq) became the first Da’i ul-Mutlaq on 22nd Sha’baan ul-Kareem 532 AH in the village of Haus after the death of Maulaatona Hurrat ul-Malekah (aq). This was the beginning of the succession of the Du’aat ul-Mutlaqeen in Yaman. Eternal and spiritual noor was evident on the head of Saiyedna Zo’aib bin S. Moosa (aq). Da’wat got strengthened by the spiritual help (ta’eed) from Ambeyaa, Awseyaa and A’immat (as). Life-giving springs of Hidaayat (guidance) started flowing in the drought of seclusion of Imaam Taiyeb (as). He started taking Misaaq of the mumineen in the village of Haus and nearby towns in the name and behalf of Imaam Taiyeb (as). He illuminated the hearts of mumineen with the Noor of Knowledge in the darkness of the seclusion of Imaam Taiyeb (as) and explained them the intricacies of the seclusion of Imaam. He appointed Saiyedna al-Khattaab (aq) as Mazoon-e-Mutlaq and Saiyedna Ibraahim bin Husain (aq) as Mukaasir-e-Mutlaq. These three personalities of the ranks of Da’wat in Yaman like the tree of Tooba bore fruits of guidance for the mumineen and gave a cool shadow under which mumineen were peaceful and tranquil. This was the greatest Nem’at (favour) for the mumineen.

Allaah Ta’aala is the Disposer of every action. He is the Causer of all causes. He is the Master of the Universe of Creation and Destruction.  Everything is dependent upon His action and command. His actions are full of wisdom. Firstly in Egypt, Imaam Abul Qaasim Taiyeb (as) went into seclusion (Istetaar). Secondly, after Saiyedna Zo’aib bin S. Moosa (aq) became first Da’i ul-Mutlaq, after a short period of six months, his Mazoon Saiyedna al-Khattaab (aq) was martyred. Thirdly, numerous learned Hudood died in a short span in Yaman. Fourthly, Maulaayi Abdullaah (ra) died in India.  It seemed as if after the sun of Da’i ul-Mutlaq started shining in its full glory, other stars in the sky of Da’wat started setting down. Just as the sun of Imaamat was shining bright in the Egypt, it was the wisdom of Allaah that the sun of Da’i ul-Mutlaq, who is the Naa’ib (representative) of Imaam (as), would shine in the same way in Yaman after the seclusion.

Saiyedna Zo’aib bin S. Moosa (aq) went through critical time in the initial stage of his Da’iship because there were many differences which surfaced after the seclusion of Imaam Taiyeb (as). But with the Ta’eed (spiritual guidance) of Imaam uz-Zamaan (as), he successfully safeguarded the Imaan of Mumineen by guiding them towards the righteous path. He used to guide the mumineen towards Imaam Taiyeb (as) either publicly or secretly, which every Da’i ul-Mutlaq does in his time. Whether Imaam (as) is present or in seclusion, his representatives are always there to guide the mumineen and promulgate the mission of Imaamat. Every Da’i has two ranks below him. Every Da’i has a Mansoos, on which he does the Nass (spiritual appointment) and appoints him as the next Da’i after him. The succession of Du’aat ul-Mutlaqeen (aq) continued in this way till now. There are 24 Du’aat in Yaman and 19 Du’aat in India. 43 Du’aat have passed and at present 44th Da’i ul-Mutlaq is Saiyedna Abu Haatim Taiyeb Ziyauddin Saheb (tus) whose period of Da’iship is 38 years till now. He was appointed as the 44th Da’i ul-Mutlaq by his father 43rd Da’i ul-Mutlaq Saiyedna Yoosuf Nooruddin Saheb (aq) who died on 17th Rajab ul-Morajjab 1394 AH. At present, Mazoon-e-Mutlaq is Saiyedi Abu Sa’eed ul-Khayr Haatim Zakiyuddin (dm) and Mukaasir-e-Mutlaq is Saiyedi Abu Kumayl Mohammad Nooruddin (dm).

Existence of the lower ranks of Da’wat – Da’i, Mazoon and Mukaasir is the proof the existence of the higher ranks – Imaam, Baab and Hujjat. Da’i reserves the right of appointment of Mazoon or Mukaasir. It is not at all necessary that Mazoon always becomes Da’i or Mukaasir always becomes Mazoon. Also if Mazoon or Mukaasir dies then it is not necessary upon the Da’i to nominate the Mazoon or Mukaasir immediately. But in the eyes the Da’i ul-Mutlaq, Mazoon or Mukaasir is always present whether it is declared publicly or kept secret. Da’i ul-Mutlaq remains on his rank till his death and if Allaah Ta’aala wishes and Imaam uz-Zamaan (as) does the Zuhoor (unveils himself to the people or period of his seclusion ends) then all the rights of Da’i ul-Mutlaq are taken over by the Imaam uz-Zamaan (as). Da’i ul-Mutlaq during the time of seclusion has all rights of Shari’at as he is the representative of the Imaam (as). Da’i ul-Mutlaq never dies without appointing the next Da’i by doing Nass on him. Nass is either done publicly – Nass-e-Jali,or done in the presence of selected Hudood or people – Nass-e-Khafee.

After the death of Mazoon-e-Mutlaq Saiyedna al-Khattaab (aq), Saiyedna Zo’aib bin S. Moosa (aq) appointed Saiyedna Ibraahim bin Husain al-Haamedi (aq) as the Mazoon-e-Mutlaq and Saiyedna ‘Ali bin Husain bin Waleed (aq) as the Mukaasir-e-Mutlaq. After the initial period of unrest, Saiyedna Zo’aib bin S. Moosa (aq) focussed on strengthening the foundation of Da’wat by keenly organizing the ranks of Da’wat in the nearby forts which were under their control. During this time, in India, Maulaayi Ya’qoob (ra) was living in Anhilwaad, Patan – the Capital of Gujarat. He went to Yaman for the acquisition of knowledge under Saiyedna Zo’aib bin S. Moosa (aq). He became the first Waali of India.

 
 
 
  Books:
 
 

Saiyedna Zo’aib bin Moosa (aq) wrote two books namely: 1) Kitaab un-Nafse fee Ma’refat il-Jussah and 2) Risaalat ud-Darj fee Ma’refat il-Maujoodaat.

His bottomless wisdom is reflected his book Kitaab un-Nafs in which he says that, Allaah Ta’aala has created three groups in His Creation – Angels (Farishta), Demons (Jinn) and Human Being (Insaan). He explains his wisdom on the basis of Hadees of Rasoolullaah (saws) – Allaah has created Angels with ‘Aql (Intellect) and without Shahwat (Greed, Yearning); Animals with Shahwat and without ‘Aql; and Human Being with ‘Aql and Shahwat. Now whoever’s Yearning exceeds his Intellect falls below the rank of Animals and whoever’s Intellect exceeds his Yearning ascends even above the rank of Angels.

Highlighting the importance of acquiring knowledge, he emancipates the words of Maulaana ‘Ali (as) that whoever will acquire knowledge, listen to it carefully, accepts it from his heart and practices it will rise above the ranks of learned men. Rank of a teacher is always higher than his student. Teacher is like a mother and student is like a child. Mother knows very well what is beneficial or harmful to her child. Likewise a teacher should only give those things to his student which he deserves and beneficial to him. He should neither give excess to his student which he is unable to digest nor should he deprive him what is necessary for him.

 
 
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